Solve pollution. Save lives. Protect the planet.

Victorian Business Park, Block C-09, 2nd Floor, Jl. Bintaro Itama 3A, Bintaro, Tangerang Selatan 15221, Banten-Indonesia

Our Team

Country Director
[email protected]

About Pure Earth Indonesia

Lead exposure is a significant environmental health threat to children in Indonesia. More than half of the children in the country (45.5 million) have blood lead levels (BLLs) ≥ 5 µg/dL. A recent study in the capital Jakarta found that 47% of children had BLLs ≥ 5 µg/dL and 9% had BLLs ≥ 10 µg/dL (Prihartono et al., 2019). Other studies have similarly documented long-term chronic health conditions faced by children in Indonesia who are exposed to lead on a regular basis. A multi-country analysis further found that childhood exposure to lead costs the Indonesian economy nearly US$38 billion annually.

Unsafe smelting of used lead acid batteries is a primary contributor to lead exposures and a significant percentage of those batteries are recycled in the informal sector. Over the past decade, Indonesia has seen rapid development that resulted in associated effects such as the growth of car ownership increasing the demand for lead-acid batteries. Initial studies by Pure Earth’s partners in Indonesia showed that up to 70% of used lead acid batteries are recycled in the informal sector. Pure Earth’s team in Indonesia has identified and assessed more than 50 lead-contaminated hot spots around Jakarta associated with informal ULAB smelting, with estimates that there could be more than 1,000 such sites across the country.

With over 200,000 Indonesians dying each year from pollution-related diseases, pollution has a huge health cost in Indonesia. From informal used lead acid batteries (ULAB)  recycling operations to artisanal gold mining, there are many sources of contamination. Pure Earth’s work in Indonesia focuses on identifying where the worst pollution is through our TSIP initiative, and then implementing solutions where possible. From training gold miners to use mercury-free techniques, to remediating a lead-contaminated soccer field where children play, Pure Earth is working in communities to improve the health and well being of children and families. Additionally, Pure Earth has supported regional governments and a local NGO in Kalimantan, Indonesia to develop and implement a  Health and Pollution Action Plan (HPAP).

Pesarean Village, Tegal Regency.

The Toxic Truth

Assisting the government with lead exposure crisis response

In Central Java, home-based lead-acid battery recycling without designated disposal sites left children playing in village slag piles and 88 per cent of people tested with elevated blood lead levels. In 2015, Pure Earth began identifying contaminated sites and their risks. In 2018, the first cleanup was undertaken in a village school yard and further government remediation plans are underway.

Programmatic Solutions

Research on Lead Sources
Research on Lead Sources
Toxic Site Assessments
Toxic Site Assessments
Lead Remediation Program
Lead Remediation Program
Advocacy and Campaigns
Advocacy and Campaigns


Our Partners and Donors

Clarios Foundation


Global Alliance on Health and Pollution

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation

Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta